Gingivitis is an infection that affects the gums. It can lead to redness, pain, and swelling of the gum tissues. Poor oral hygiene is notorious for causing this condition. The disease can be classified into two phases, either the acute or chronic phase.
Acute gingivitis is a disease that occurs rapidly and destroys the tissues of your gums. You will note sudden pain and inflammation of the gums. If you don't brush your teeth, plaque will form on the gums and teeth and cause inflammation of these tissues. The infection can be painful and associated with fever, ill feeling, and foul breath. Acute gingivitis can be treated by thoroughly brushing and flossing. Interdental cleaners or dental sticks can help remove dirt between the teeth. Also, professional dental cleanings are the best to ensure your dental health is excellent.
Chronic gingivitis is a gradual disease. When food debris or dirt is stuck on your gums and tissues, they slowly form tartar and plaque on the teeth and gum tissues. Tartar and plaque are harmful and produce toxic bacteria which damage healthy gum tissues. Over time the gum tissues are infected if left untreated and can develop into periodontitis. The good news is that reversing chronic gum disease with proper oral hygiene, root scaling, and planing, and an antibiotic treatment course is possible.
Acute and chronic gingivitis differ in their onset and duration. Acute is of sudden onset, and symptoms can be experienced quickly. The condition is quite painful, and a dental expert will issue pain medications to ease the pain. On the other hand, chronic gingivitis is of gradual onset, and symptoms might take a long duration to be apparent. The two conditions can be managed, and the effects reversed. Ensure you visit your dentist as soon as possible if you have any symptoms of the disease.