Periodontics is a part of dentistry concerned with studying, diagnosing, and treating conditions associated with the periodontium. Periodontology includes the study of alveolar bone loss, local tissue reactions to trauma or surgical procedures, the treatment of inflammatory disease of the gingiva and alveolar process, and maintenance of oral function. This specialization is known to be continuously evolving and advancing. Here are the most emerging therapies in periodontics:
Laser therapy is one of the most recent developments in periodontics, and it has been used for over a decade. It's a non-invasive, painless treatment that uses light energy to promote healing and reduce inflammation. The laser can be used to treat gum disease and other conditions that affect the teeth and gums.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Treatment
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment is another emerging therapy that uses your blood to accelerate tissue repair and healing. PRP therapy involves removing a small amount of blood from your arm, centrifuging it to separate the platelets from the rest of your blood, then injecting it back into areas where you need more cells to grow healthy tissue. This process can be used on any body part but is most commonly used in oral surgery procedures like tooth extractions or bone grafts.
Bone grafting is one of the most common procedures in periodontics. It was originally used to replace lost tissue and bone, but it has since become a commonly used procedure to improve the health of the gum tissue and reduce pocket depth.
Bone grafting can be performed with your bone or synthetic materials. You can use a synthetic material called calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) if you do not have enough bone in your jaw. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the calcium hydroxylapatite, making it widely used in dentistry. When considering this procedure, ask your dentist to explain the different types of bone graft materials available and their effectiveness in treating gum disease.